Total Knee Replacement
INDICATIONS AND GOALS FOR SURGERY
Most patients who consider knee replacement surgery have severe arthritis of the knee or another condition that has led to the destruction of the cartilage covering the ends of the bones that make up the knee. The primary goal of knee replacement surgery is to reduce knee pain while improving function and reducing limp.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SURGICAL PROCEDURE
The procedure involves surgical removal of the arthritic knee joint surfaces. The artificial joint is attached to the thigh bone, shin and knee cap with cement or a special material. When fit together the attached artificial parts form the joint.
What happens after knee replacement?
The average hospital stay after knee joint replacement is three to five days. The majority of people who undergo knee joint replacement surgery have dramatic improvement. After knee joint replacement people are standing, walking and moving the joint the day after surgery. Initially you will need to use a walking device such as a walker or crutches.
Following the hospital stay people will begin the rehab process with the help of a Physical Therapist. Depending on your abilities and needs Physical Therapy can be provided in your home for people who are homebound, in an out-patient Physical Therapy clinic or in cases where people require more assistance these services can be provided in a Nursing Home setting. As the rehab process and your abilities improve you will progress to the out-patient setting to help facilitate your return to normal activities such as walking with out an assistive device, walking up and down stairs and returning to normal community and recreational activities.