Aphasia is a communication disorder. It’s the result of damage or injury to the brain. Aphasia causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. The three main types of aphasia are: expressive aphasia (non-fluent), receptive aphasia (fluent), global aphasia.

Expressive aphasia (aka: Broca’s aphasia) (non-fluent)

With expressive aphasia, the person knows what he or she wants to say yet has difficulty communicating it to others. It does not matter whether the person is trying to say or write what he or she is trying to communicate.

Receptive aphasia (fluent)

With receptive aphasia, the person can hear a voice or read the print but may not understand the meaning of the message. Often, someone with receptive aphasia takes language literally. Their own speech may be disturbed because they do not understand their own language.

Global aphasia

This is the most severe type of aphasia. With global aphasia, the person has difficulty speaking and understanding words. In addition, the person is unable to read or write.